We left off in my last post with Queen Elizabeth, I will continue on from there. Then we will take a look at Queen Elizabeth’s half sister Queen Mary commonly called “Bloody Mary.” Then I will move farther back in the blood line, and look at King Henry VIII. This is where the chaos, blood bath of violence, and division started during that period. None of which of the above are attributes of our Lord Jesus, although we are to believe that it was Jesus that formed this institution of religion, starting with Peter called the “church.” As always there is much reading that can be done, on these people of English Royality, but I’m just going to hit the highlights that I need, to present my case for the Lord. At the end I will do a quick recap to hopefully, bring it all together for all of us. Like any wealthy, and powerful people go, this you will find is a complete dysfunctional mess. Ok back to Queen Elizabeth.
After the death of her half sister Mary, “Bloody Mary” on November 17, 1558, Elizabeth came to the throne amid bells, bonfires, patriotic demonstrations, and other signs of public jubilation. When a girl in an allegorical pageant presented her with a Bible in English translation – banned under Mary’s reign —Elizabeth kissed the book, held it up reverently, and then laid it on her breast. Spectators were thus assured that under Elizabeth, England had returned, cautiously but decisively, to the reformation. Before continuing on, let’s take a look at “Bloody Mary,” Queen Elizabeth’s half sister.
Mary I (February 18, 1516 – November 17, 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. She is best known for her aggressive attempt to reverse the English Reformation, which had begun during the reign of her father, Henry VIII. The executions that marked her pursuit of restoration of Roman Catholicism in England and Ireland led her denunciation as “Bloody Mary” by her Protestant opponents. During her five – year reign, Mary had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian persecutions. After Mary’s death in 1558, her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed by her younger half- sister Elizabeth I, a daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. More on Henry coming up. Back to Queen Elizabeth.
If Queen Elizabeth died childless, the Tudor line would come to an end. The nearest heir was Mary, Queen of Scots, the granddaughter of Henry VIII’s sister Margaret, King James I’s mother, whom you will remember was basically kicked out of Scotland. Mary, a Catholic whose claim was supported by France and other powerful Catholic states, was regarded by Protestants as a nightmarish threat that could be best averted if Elizabeth produced a Protestant heir. However she did not, and this led to her having Mary of Scots beheaded, she remained on the throne until her death. Then along comes King James I, but before we get back to him, let’s take a little look at King Henry VIII,
King Henry VIII, (born June 28, 1491, Greenwich, near London, England—died January 28, 1547, London), king of England (1509 – 47) he presided over the beginnings of the English Renaissance and the English Reformation. Henry had many wives, only one survived. His six wives were, successively, Catherine of Aragon ( the mother of the future Queen Mary I “Bloody Mary”), this marriage was annulled. Anne Boleyn ( mother of future Queen Elizabeth I ), she was executed. Jane Seymour ( mother of the King Henry’s successor, Edward VI ), died in child birth. Anne of Cleves, their marriage was annulled. Cathrine Howard, she was executed, and Catherine Parr, she was fortunate enough to survive this mad man. The fates of Henry VIII’s wives can be remembered with a rhyme: divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived. The beginnings of the Church of England actually came about from this crazy king’s marital affairs. Here is the story.
King Henry VIII created the Church of England in 1536 as a result of a dispute with the pope, who would not permit Henry to get a divorce from his wife Catherine Aragon. The Church of England is a Anglican Church, ( I will cover that later ), and one should say that the Anglican Church was established simply because the Roman Catholic Church disallowed divorce; and, the then Queen Catherine of Aragon was incapable of providing him with sons. King Henry VIII of England was less concerned with church doctrine, and more with practical matters. Desiring control over religious dictates in order to divorce Catherine of Aragon, he had himself ( as opposed to the Pope ) declared to be the supreme head of the Church of England. Now doesn’t this sound like a fine upstanding christian man that should be head of his own “church.” The rest of his story is a complete mess, but if interested, there is a lot to read on this power hungry, crazed, madman that established the Church of England that is present to this day. All I have to say on this matter is, I don’t want to hear anyone say that this is the so called “church” that our Lord Jesus was talking about when He told Peter “upon this rock I will build My Congregation.” This man made instituitionlized form of religion is of satan, and him only. The violence, blood shed, chaos, and division is not from our Lord, but is of the devil.
Ok, to continue on now, we are going forward again to King James I. From Queen Elizabeth to King James I. Before James was 12, he had taken the government nominally into his own hands when the earl of Morton was driven from the regency in 1578. For several years more, however, James remained the “puppet” of contending intriguers ( the practice of engaging in secret schemes) and faction leaders. After falling under the influence of the duke of Lennox, a Roman Catholic who schemed to win back Scotland for his mother, the imprisoned Queen Mary, James was kidnapped by William Ruthvan, 1st earl of Gowrie, in 1582 and was forced to denounce Lennox. So you see so far James converted for a short time to Catholicism. The following year James escaped from his Protestant captors and begun to pursue his own policies as King. His chief purposes were to escape from subservience to Scottish factions and to establish his claim to succeed the childless Elizabeth I upon the throne of England. Realizing that there was more to be gained by cultivating Elizabeth’s goodwill,( a proper term used, for kissing up to Queen Elizabeth) than by allying himself with her enemies, James in 1585 – 86 concluded an alliance with England. Therefore in his own unsteady fashion, he remained true to this policy, and even Elizabeth’s execution of his mother in 1587 drew only formal protests. So we see that as King of Scotland he forms this alliance with England, by kissing up to Queen Elizabeth and those loyal to her, and then says very little about, and frankly probably doesn’t even care about his mother being beheaded, a year later. Why? Three years before this alliance, he was converted Catholic and scheming to win the throne back for his mother. Now I realize that he was just a puppet king for the Scottish factions, but still, this guy was all over the place. I mean, did he really know what he believed in? He was a power hungry man and he and others behind him, had a plan where they could rule Scotland and England for their ruling, power agendas, that’s why? James succeeded to the throne of England on the death of Queen Elizabeth I on (March 4, 1603). Later I will explore one possible agenda, and expose the group behind it, it may shock you, but we have to look at it, to evaluate and decide what could possibly be part of this agenda. I will cover it, and let you decide. So right here is a great place to do a quick review and lay it all out simply, in succession starting with the psychopathic, madman Henry the VIII.
- Henry VIII — King of England, remembered more for his many wives, and the English Renaissance, and the Establishment of the Church of England. Today’s Anglican Church, not for scriptural reasons, but because he couldn’t get his way with the Pope on a matter of divorce, with his first wife. Known for his marital affairs with very young women whom he would eventually make his wives, and possibly behead if it suit his mood that day. Big name in the Protestant Reformation. Really?
- King Edward VI — Edward was the only legitimate son of Henry VIII. His mother was Jane Seymour, she died 12 days after his birth, he succeeded the throne upon the death of his father Henry. In January 1553 Edward showed signs of tuberculosis, and it was determined to be fatal. In his six year reign, he allowed Protestant reforms to begin taking place in the church.
- Mary I or Mary Tudor “Bloody Mary”— First Queen to rule England. Persecuted Protestants in a vain attempt to return Roman Catholicism back to England. For three years rebel bodies of Protestant’s, dangled from gibbets, (an upright post with a projecting arm for hanging the bodies of executed criminals as a warning) and heretics were relentlessly executed, some 300 being burned at the stake. A fine upstanding Catholic woman no doubt. She’s one for the Catholic Church to be proud of.
- Elizabeth I— Seconed Queen to the throne. Half sister to Bloody Mary. Revived the Church of England, and it was a mix of Roman Catholic doctrine, as well as Protestant doctrines. She saw to it that The Book of Common Prayer, and the Thirty Nine Articles of Religion, became important texts that outlined moral doctrine and worship principles. These were rules and doctrines, you had to follow and believe in the Church. They are easily attainable on-line, if you want to read them. She beheaded Mary, King James mother while she was imprisoned in England.
- Mary Stuart — Queen of Scots. Mother of King James I. Devoted Catholic that caused her to be, beheaded as a threat to the English throne. Her unwise marital and political actions provoked rebellion among the Scottish nobles, forcing her to renounce her throne in Scotland, and flee to England.
- King James I— Was king of Scotland as King James VI. King James I as King of England, became head over the Church of England. Had his own Authorised Bible published. He had little contact with the middle classes, and he suffered from the narrowness of his horizons. Loved wealth and extravagances. He was a power hungry, arrogant, prideful, coward, whom seemed to enjoy all the world had to offer, but much, much more on King James. To be continued, until next time. May the Lord bless your search for truth.